Dating english gold hallmarks
In 1912, a special mark for platinum was introduced, a dogs head.Before 1910, French platinum jewelry may have a maker's mark, but it was not hallmarked. Other symbols may be used in combination with these numbers.From 1908 to 1917, a right-facing profile was used.After the Russian Revolution, the mark was a right-facing workers profile with a hammer, and the fineness in thousandths.
Between 18, the national mark was the left profile of a womans head wearing a diadem (kokoshnik).(All in a box with explanation of the significance of the various marks).The British system of hallmarking is somewhat complex, but relatively easy to follow once the system is deciphered.Symbols in the form of animals and heads of animals and people, insects, and birds have been used to indicate fineness, place of manufacture, imports and exports. The most easily recognized and commonly seen French mark is the eagles head, in use since 1838, indicating 18 karat gold. The mark can be found on jewelry in any number of places.Look for it on clasps, side edges, galleries, and pin stems as well as on the back surface of a piece.